The Rough Guide to Modern Malaysian Science Fiction and Fantasy

The question of what exactly constitutes modern Malaysian science fiction and fantasy cannot be answered without first addressing the integral question; “Does science fiction and fantasy writing exist in Malaysia?” This post is not aimed at being a definitive guide to particular literary forms but it will endeavour to sketch out a map to show that the writing exists in unexpected guises and places.

At first glance, a fertile potential exists; in Malaysia the past and the future are integrated. Kuala Lumpur International Airport and The Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, the tallest twin buildings in the world, are coruscating, iconic and futuristic. Travel away from Kuala Lumpur and experience the old and rural; the historical city of Malacca, the island of Penang, the villages and beaches in the north, the archipelago of Langkawi and the rainforests in East Malaysia. The demographic mix of Malaysia is a cosmopolitan melange, made up primarily of Malays, Chinese and Indians, with indigenous groups and an array of foreign residents and expatriates.

This mosaic of landscapes, cultures, and languages, ensures that while looking to the future, there is a strong sense of history. The stimulus for literary culture has occurred, albeit with respect to Malaysia’s colonial past. Notable writers such as W. Somerset Maugham, Joseph Conrad, and Leslie Charteris, the creator of The Saint, have lived in Malaya (as Malaysia was known before gaining independence in 1957) and a few have found inspiration, such as Anthony Burgess whose dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange uses the Malay word, “orang” (man) as a possible titular pun, as part of Nadsat, the novel’s fictional teenage slang*. Most recently, the shopping mall beneath the Petronas Twin Towers is mentioned as a virtual reality projection in Geoff Ryman’s 2009 short story, “Blocked”.

If Malaysian science fiction writing by Malaysian writers have been scarce, signs of promise have manifested in recent years. The shortlist for the 2009 MPH Alliance Bank National Short Story Writing Competition featured the story, “Pilling Time” written by Frank O’Connor International Short Story Award nominee Shih-Li Kow; “Pilling Time” is about the price paid by an isolated community for prolonging human life-spans. Speculative fiction written in Malay is burgeoning, as shown by the review website Sai-Fai, and a science-fiction novel writing competition held by UTM (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia) in 2009.

However, more fantasy short fiction written in English is published overseas such as, “Biggest Baddest Bomoh” by Tunku Halim in The Apex Book of World SF (edited by Lavie Tidhar, Apex Publications 2009) and “Crossing the Waters”by Ika Vanderkoeck in Ages of Wonder (editors Julie E. Czerneda and Rob St. Martin, DAW 2009). Short fantasy fiction by Malaysians is also featured online such as  ”Into the Monsoon“ by A.M Muffaz at Fantasy Magazine (November 2009) and “The Guest“ by Zen Cho at Expanded Horizons (November 2010). KS Augustin has blended romance with science fiction and fantasy. It is hoped that more widespread publication will bring more attention to Malaysian fantasy.

If science fiction and fantasy has been a little late or slow to take hold in the print medium, a diversity of voices are present in the local comics scene. Popular Malaysian comics publisher Gempak Starz specialises in graphic novels and comics written and drawn by local artistes  that include science fiction and fantasy in three languages: Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and English. Comic artist Benny Wong came third in the 2007 International Manga Awards held in Japan for his manga Le Gardenie and “Puppet Eyes” by Kathryn Chong won second prize in the 2007 Morning International Manga Competition.

Regardless of the current nascent status of Malaysian science fiction and fantasy writing, it is indeed evident from the international distribution and acclaim that science fiction and fantasy hold great potential for expansion and publication. The popular local slogan, ‘Malaysia Boleh!’ which translates as, ‘Malaysia Can Do It!’, best expresses future aspirations for writing in both genres.

*’The attempt to impose upon man a creature of growth and capable of sweetness, to ooze juicily . . . laws and conditions appropriate to a mechanical creation’ (A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, W.W Norton 1986, p 21-22)

About Eeleen Lee

Lee Ee Leen was born in London, UK. She has a B.A. in English Literature from the University of York, UK, and an M.A. in Postmodern Literature and Culture from Royal Holloway College, University of London. Her short fiction is published by Monsoon Books, Singapore, and MPH Publishing, Malaysia. In 2009 she was shortlisted for MPH Alliance Bank National Short Story Award and her reviews are included in The Directory of World Cinema: American Independent (2010, Intellect Books) and The Directory of World Cinema: Great Britain (2011, Intellect Books). Visit her blog at
This entry was posted in January 2011 and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

15 Responses to The Rough Guide to Modern Malaysian Science Fiction and Fantasy

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  3. Pingback: The Rough Guide to Modern Malaysian Science Fiction and Fantasy « The World SF Blog

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  5. Dear Eeleen, then you should check this website, its still developing but its going there:

  6. Pingback: Geek Media Round-Up: January 20, 2011 – Grasping for the Wind

  7. ENg says:

    @ Fadli
    “Speculative fiction written in Malay is burgeoning, as shown by the review website Sai-Fai, and a science-fiction novel writing competition held by UTM (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia) in 2009.”

    The website was already mentioned in the article.

  8. Hasif "Asibb" says:

    Hello Eeleen!
    I just want to say that I am a huge fan of Fantasy writings!
    And as much as I want to join any community with the same interest as me, I still can’t find any site that offers people the submission of their work for others to read and enjoy!
    I seriously want to read others’ pieces and share my own to be criticized and such.
    Is there any site that you may know of having said luxuries?

    • CG says:

      As mentioned above, The “Sai-Fai” website is pretty good place to start for Malaysian speculative fiction.

  9. Chris Kouju says:

    Hello there. Thank you for the post! It has been such a joy to read, and I would have loved to refer to it while doing my course in Edinburgh :)

    It’s always encouraging to hear Malaysian fantasy and scifi writing is going places. And mentioned in a previous post, Malaysia has such a rich folklore of beliefs, superstitions and things that go bump in the night, that I knew I had to write my stories based on it.

    I’m definitely going to check each of your lovely links, as there’s a lot more reading and research I need to do of local works. Keep up the good work, and much thanks again!

  10. Pingback: Malaysian science fiction and fantasy in English | Zen Cho

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